In Go, the **^** **symbol** represents the bitwise **XOR (exclusive OR)** **operator**. The **XOR(^) operator** in Golang compares the corresponding bits of two numbers and returns a new number where each bit is set to **1** if and only if exactly one of the corresponding bits in the operands is **1**.

The **bitwise** **operators** take both signed and unsigned integers as input. However, a shift operator’s right-hand side must be an unsigned integer.

The **^** operator in **Go** performs **OR** operations between two integer numbers provided as an operand.

The **bitwise** **OR** operation has the following characteristics.

In the above table, the output is 1 *only* when both the input values differ.

If both input values are the same, it will result in **0** when **XORed**. The **XOR** operator has many interesting uses in computing.

The XOR is used to toggle values, such as changing values from **0** to 1 and 1 to **0** in a sequence of bits.

**Binary XOR Operator** copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both. So, for example, (A ^ B) will give 49, which is 0011 0001.

**Example**

```
package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
a := 19
b := 21
c := a ^ b
fmt.Printf("The Value of c is %d\n", c)
}
```

**Output**

`The Value of c is `**6**

In the example above, the variable **c** will contain the value 6 (110 in binary) because only the leftmost and rightmost bits differ between **a** and **b**. All other bits are the same, resulting in a 0 bit.

The XOR operator can be used for many purposes, such as flipping individual bits, comparing two numbers to see which bits are different, and generating random numbers.

**FAQ**

**What is the Golang XOR operator?**

The Golang XOR operator is a bitwise operator that compares the corresponding bits of two numbers and returns a new number where each bit is set to 1 if and only if exactly one of the corresponding bits in the operands is 1.

**What does the Golang XOR operator do?**

The Golang XOR operator compares the corresponding bits of two numbers and returns a new number where each bit is set to 1 if and only if exactly one of the corresponding bits in the operands is 1.

**How is the Golang XOR operator used in programming?**

The Golang XOR operator is commonly used in programming for tasks such as flipping individual bits, comparing two numbers to see which bits are different, and generating random numbers.

**What is an example of using the Golang XOR operator?**

An example of using the Golang XOR operator is:

a := 5 // 101 in binary

b := 3 // 011 in binary

c := a ^ b // 110 in binary

In this example, the variable c will contain the value 6 (110 in binary) because only the leftmost and rightmost bits differ between a and b.

**Are there any other bitwise operators in Golang?**

Yes, Golang has several other bitwise operators, including AND (&), OR (|), left shift (<<), and right shift (>>).

**Conclusion**

XOR operator can be used to toggle bits from one value to another.

Golang does not provide a logical exclusive-OR operator (i.e., XOR over booleans), and the bitwise XOR operator applies only to integers.

However, an exclusive OR can be rewritten for other logical operators.

Krunal Lathiya is a Software Engineer with over eight years of experience. He has developed a strong foundation in computer science principles and a passion for problem-solving. In addition, Krunal has excellent knowledge of Distributed and cloud computing and is an expert in Go Language.